How Laminate Flooring Is Made

How Laminate Flooring Is MadeWhether you are building a house, or having one renovated, flooring is one of the things for which you will need to make decisions. Some people choose to go with tiles, while others go with wooden floors. A good number, however, choose to have laminate flooring installed in their floors, and for good reason. Aside from the fact that these are budget friendly, these come in many different designs and looks that you can choose from, and are also very durable.

These can be made to look like any type of wood used for flooring, and can be had at a fraction of what that real wooden floor will cost. These can also be made to look like tile or stone, and are actually more durable since these do not crack or break when something falls on it. These are also easy to install and maintain, which is also a great money-saver.

So, how is this versatile, cost-effective and wonderful flooring material made? Laminate flooring is actually a flooring option that is made out of four layers. Each layer has a different function, making this floor covering choice what it is, a durable and versatile alternative to the other flooring choices you have.

The first layer, or the bottom-most part of the laminate, is the backing. This is sometimes called the balancing part of this equation. Whatever it is called, it has a dual function, and that is to stabilize the plank and to resist moisture. This part essentially keeps the laminate board stable and free from warping.

The second layer is called the inner core. Made out of a high-density fiberboard, this reinforces the plank, making it durable and tough. This is often soaked in a resin that makes the laminate more resistant to moisture, making it less prone to damage.

The third layer is the decorative layer. This is where the patterns and designs come in. This goes by many names – applique layer, image layer, and design layer. This is where the laminate takes on the guise of either a wooden floor, a stone floor, or a tile floor.

The fourth and final layer is the protective layer. This is sometimes called the wear layer and is made out of clear melamine. This is what protects the inner layers from scratches, stains, and other damaging elements.

These four layers are put together with the help of a high pressure manufacturing process that begins with the stacking of all the layers, one on top of the other in proper order – backing, inner core, decorative, and protective. Once the layers are perfectly aligned, these are then pressed together with the use of machines that have around 600 pounds of pressure per square inch, and with added heat of 400 degrees Fahrenheit for the lamination process to work. This pressing of the stacks together is timed, with each sheet being pressed for 20 to 30 seconds.

Once each sheet is pressed and removed from the machine, the cooling begins. This is where the sheets are initially checked for imperfections, and when curing for durability occurs. After these sheets of laminate flooring are cooled and cured properly, these are then cut into the planks that you see being used on floors everywhere. These are then "profiled," which is a step that gives the planks their interlocking grooves and tongues.

The final step is another quality check, to see if these planks are cut with precision, if the grooves and tongues fit perfectly, and if the sizing of each product is accurate. After each batch is checked and the quality certified, it is then packaged and shipped out to consumers.

If you want to learn more about laminate flooring, please get in touch with any of our flooring experts here at Fine Floors by Ed White. We can be contacted via our phone number, 888-802-6371. You can also check out our many flooring options by dropping by our showroom in person.